NorthShore Slavery

People of African Descent in 18th Century Essex County

Cases | Participants | Court Sessions | Timeline

Essex County Massachusetts Freedom Cases 1760 - 1783

Jenny Slew vs. John Whipple, Jr. (1766)
Jenny Slew sues John Whipple, Ipswich (Hamilton), on basis that her mother was white. Lost ECCP case but won SCJ appeal.

Violet vs. Mark Howe (1766)
Violet provides proof of birth to free woman. No court records or files. Howe provides compensation. See notes and Lewis vs. Dodge (1769)

Jude vs. Daniel Hale (1769)
Molatto Singlewoman. "Woman born free." Deft. claimed appeal but no appeal filed.

Kate vs. Moody Bridges (1769)
Suit based on mother was free Indian. Case sent to arbitration with Peter vs. Moody Bridges. Finding for Plaintiff.

Peter vs. Moody Bridges (1769)
Suit based on mother was free Indian. Case sent to arbitration with Kate vs. Moody Bridges. Finding for Plaintiff.

Lewis vs. Dodge (1769)
"Ned" Lewis, 16, mother was Violet of Violet vs Howe. Documentation submitted of her, her mother's and her grandmother's free status. SCJ judgment for Plaintiff.

Nancy vs. James Parker Jr. and Dinah Parker (1771)
Dinah and James Parker conceded Nancy was freeborn. Arbitrators set damages and costs which Nancy had to sue for in following ECCP term.

Casar vs. Samuel Taylor (1772)
Casar sues Taylor for freedom based on contract between the two. Casar wins in ECCP and SCJ.

Bristol vs. John Osgood (1773)
Case continued from March 1772 to December 1773 when both parties defaulted.

Casar Hendrick vs. Richard Greenleaf (1773)
ECCP Sept. 1773 Second Jury found for Casar Hendrick, Plaintiff, and awarded 18 pounds in money damages and court costs. Greenleaf declared appeal but did not file.

Juno vs. David Larcom (1775)
No judgment in case as David Larcom died in May 1775.

Sampson vs.Caleb Dodge and Josiah Batchelder (1775)
Case is sent to arbitration but no report is submitted. Case appears as continued in July 1775 after which it no longer appears.

Pomp Somerset vs Richard Greenleaf (1776)
Pomp Somerset gives his attorney, Theophilus Parsons, a power of attorney before the case is called. Greenleaf fails to appear and Pomp, through Parsons, forgoes damages and costs but wins his case.

Timon vs. Peter Osgood (1777)
Sham demurrer per pre-arranged agreement. Two year indenture agreement between Timon ("free negro") and Osgood.

Booso vs. Samuel Chickering (1778)
Defendant defaulted. Booso "recovers his liberty" and "no longer held in Servitude."

Prince vs. Thomas Osgood (1778)
Osgood defaulted. Prince "recovers his liberty" and is "no longer held in servitude."

Kimball vs. Kimball (1779)
Continued from December 1777 to May 1779. Defendant's Plea judged bad and Seir awarded one penny damages.

Rose vs. Joseph Osgood (1779)
Defendant defaulted. Rose "recovers her Liberty."

Adventurer vs. Vanderhoaf (1782)
Defendent's Plea judged bad. Case continued for one term to determine money damages. Plaintiff agreed to one penny in damages.

Cloe Hale vs. Nathaniel Hale (1782)
Cloe Hale "singlewoman, negrowoman" plea of trespass against Nathaniel Hale. Defendant defaulted. Cloe awarded one penny money damages.

Scipio Freeman vs. Josiah Ober (1783)
Plaintiff nonsuit, no defendant.

Essex County Cases involving Enslaved People

John Oliver vs. Capt. John Sale (1762)
Buyer sues Seller for selling two "free Mulattoes" as slaves. Decision for Seller.

Freedom Cases Outside of Essex County

Prince (Negro) vs. David Bull (1763)
Hampshire County freedom suit.

William Benson et al vs. Joseph Collins (1764)
Three men found guilty of enslaving Joseph Collins. MIddlesex County.

Swain vs. Folger (1769)
Sherburn County freedom suit.

Cato vs. Conant (1777)

Salem Orne vs. Darby (1777)
Case filed in Suffolk County Court of Common Pleas

Cases Outside of Essex County Involving Enslaved People